Eco-engineering: Design with nature

Chee Su Yin1, Louise Firth2, Cheah Chee Ban3 & Aileen Tan Shau-Hwai4
1Centre For Marine & Coastal Studies (CEMACS), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Penang, Malaysia.
2School of Geography, Earth & Environmental Sciences (Faculty of Science and Engineering), Plymouth University, B524, Portland Square, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA, United Kingdom.
3School of Housing, Building & Planning (HBP), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Penang, Malaysia.
4School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Penang, Malaysia.
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Summary of Research
(Rufford Small Grant, United Kingdom; Jan 2016 - Apr 2017)
(The Royal Society, International Exchange Scheme, United Kingdom; Nov 2015 - Dec 2017)

Penang is the fastest growing state in Malaysia with extensive land reclamation leading to the construction of extensive artificial coastlines and large artificial offshore islands. Research is required into ways that artificial coastlines can be built to meet engineering requirements, whilst providing relevant ecosystem services: ecological engineering. Much of this research has been done in temperate regions with relatively benign conditions. Ecological engineering can successfully enhance biodiversity in temperate climates but the benefits in tropical regions remains untested. If taxpayer's money is to be spent on expensive ecological engineering, it is important to know when & where it will succeed.